A refined inverse hyperbolic shear deformation theory for bending analysis of functionally graded porous plates

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rajeev Gandhi Memorial College of Engineering and Technology, Nandyal

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad

Abstract

The modern engineering structures require the advanced engineering materials to resist the high temperatures and to provide high stiffness. In particular the functionally graded porous materials (FGPMs) introduced are expected to have these desired properties, consequently eliminating local stress concentration and de-lamination. In the present paper, a new shear strains shape function is chosen to research the bending analysis of functionally graded plates (FGPs) with uneven symmetrical, uneven asymmetrical and even distributions of porosity. The material properties of uneven porosity distributions along the thickness of the FGPs vary with cosine function. The present theory includes the influence of thickness stretching. This theory also fulfills the nullity of the shear stresses in the transverse direction on the top and bottom of the plate, thus avoids the use of a shear correction factor. The virtual displacement principle is employed to develop the equilibrium equations for porous FGPs. The Navier’s method is used to obtain the solutions of porous FGPs for simply supported (SS) conditions. The accuracy of the developed theory is established with numerical results of perfect and porous FGPs available in the open source. The transverse displacements and stress results have been reported and studied for evenly, unevenly symmetrical and unevenly asymmetrical distributions with different porosity volume fraction (PVF), thickness ratios and aspect ratios. From the numerical results it is concluded that the type of porosity distribution needs to be considered as a key factor in the optimal design of the porous FGPs.

Keywords

[1] D. Chen, J. Yang, S. Kitipornchai, Free and forced vibrations of shear deformable functionally graded porous beams, International journal of mechanical sciences, Vol. 108, pp. 14-22, 2016.
[2] N. Wattanasakulpong, A. Chaikittiratana, S. Pornpeerakeat, Chebyshev collocation approach for vibration analysis of functionally graded porous beams based on third-order shear deformation theory, Acta Mechanica Sinica, Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 1124-1135, 2018.
[3] M. Mohammadi, M. Ghayour, A. Farajpour, Analysis of free vibration sector plate based on elastic medium by using new version of differential quadrature method, Journal of Simulation and Analysis of Novel Technologies in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 47-56, 2010.
[4] M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, M. Goodarzi, H. Mohammadi, Temperature Effect on Vibration Analysis of Annular Graphene Sheet Embedded on Visco-Pasternak Foundati, Journal of Solid Mechanics, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 305-323, 2013.
[5] M. Safarabadi, M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, M. Goodarzi, Effect of surface energy on the vibration analysis of rotating nanobeam, 2015.
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[7] M. Goodarzi, M. Mohammadi, M. Khooran, F. Saadi, Thermo-mechanical vibration analysis of FG circular and annular nanoplate based on the visco-pasternak foundation, Journal of Solid Mechanics, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 788-805, 2016.
[8] M. Zamani Nejad, A. Rastgoo, A. Hadi, Effect of exponentially-varying properties on displacements and stresses in pressurized functionally graded thick spherical shells with using iterative technique, Journal of Solid Mechanics, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 366-377, 2014.
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[1]           D. Chen, J. Yang, S. Kitipornchai, Free and forced vibrations of shear deformable functionally graded porous beams, International journal of mechanical sciences, Vol. 108, pp. 14-22, 2016.
[2]           N. Wattanasakulpong, A. Chaikittiratana, S. Pornpeerakeat, Chebyshev collocation approach for vibration analysis of functionally graded porous beams based on third-order shear deformation theory, Acta Mechanica Sinica, Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 1124-1135, 2018.
[3]           M. Mohammadi, M. Ghayour, A. Farajpour, Analysis of free vibration sector plate based on elastic medium by using new version of differential quadrature method, Journal of Simulation and Analysis of Novel Technologies in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 47-56, 2010.
[4]           M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, M. Goodarzi, H. Mohammadi, Temperature Effect on Vibration Analysis of Annular Graphene Sheet Embedded on Visco-Pasternak Foundati, Journal of Solid Mechanics, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 305-323, 2013.
[5]           M. Safarabadi, M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, M. Goodarzi, Effect of surface energy on the vibration analysis of rotating nanobeam, 2015.
[6]           M. Baghani, M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, Dynamic and stability analysis of the rotating nanobeam in a nonuniform magnetic field considering the surface energy, International Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 8, No. 04, pp. 1650048, 2016.
[7]           M. Goodarzi, M. Mohammadi, M. Khooran, F. Saadi, Thermo-mechanical vibration analysis of FG circular and annular nanoplate based on the visco-pasternak foundation, Journal of Solid Mechanics, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 788-805, 2016.
 [8]          M. Zamani Nejad, A. Rastgoo, A. Hadi, Effect of exponentially-varying properties on displacements and stresses in pressurized functionally graded thick spherical shells with using iterative technique, Journal of Solid Mechanics, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 366-377, 2014.
[9]           M. Z. Nejad, A. Rastgoo, A. Hadi, Exact elasto-plastic analysis of rotating disks made of functionally graded materials, International Journal of Engineering Science, Vol. 85, pp. 47-57, 2014.
[10]         M. Hosseini, M. Shishesaz, K. N. Tahan, A. Hadi, Stress analysis of rotating nano-disks of variable thickness made of functionally graded materials, International Journal of Engineering Science, Vol. 109, pp. 29-53, 2016.
[11]         M. Shishesaz, M. Hosseini, K. N. Tahan, A. Hadi, Analysis of functionally graded nanodisks under thermoelastic loading based on the strain gradient theory, Acta Mechanica, Vol. 228, No. 12, pp. 4141-4168, 2017.
[12]         M. Hosseini, M. Shishesaz, A. Hadi, Thermoelastic analysis of rotating functionally graded micro/nanodisks of variable thickness, Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 134, pp. 508-523, 2019.
[13]         Z. Mazarei, M. Z. Nejad, A. Hadi, Thermo-elasto-plastic analysis of thick-walled spherical pressure vessels made of functionally graded materials, International Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 8, No. 04, pp. 1650054, 2016.
[14]         M. Gharibi, M. Zamani Nejad, A. Hadi, Elastic analysis of functionally graded rotating thick cylindrical pressure vessels with exponentially-varying properties using power series method of Frobenius, Journal of Computational Applied Mechanics, Vol. 48, No. 1, pp. 89-98, 2017.
[15]         M. Zamani Nejad, M. Jabbari, A. Hadi, A review of functionally graded thick cylindrical and conical shells, Journal of Computational Applied Mechanics, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 357-370, 2017.
[16]         A. Hadi, A. Rastgoo, N. Haghighipour, A. Bolhassani, Numerical modelling of a spheroid living cell membrane under hydrostatic pressure, Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, Vol. 2018, No. 8, pp. 083501, 2018.
[17]         M. Z. Nejad, N. Alamzadeh, A. Hadi, Thermoelastoplastic analysis of FGM rotating thick cylindrical pressure vessels in linear elastic-fully plastic condition, Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 154, pp. 410-422, 2018.
[18]         B. Karami, D. Shahsavari, M. Janghorban, L. Li, On the resonance of functionally graded nanoplates using bi-Helmholtz nonlocal strain gradient theory, International Journal of Engineering Science, Vol. 144, pp. 103143, 2019.
[19]         E. Zarezadeh, V. Hosseini, A. Hadi, Torsional vibration of functionally graded nano-rod under magnetic field supported by a generalized torsional foundation based on nonlocal elasticity theory, Mechanics Based Design of Structures and Machines, Vol. 48, No. 4, pp. 480-495, 2020.
 [20]        A. Farajpour, M. Danesh, M. Mohammadi, Buckling analysis of variable thickness nanoplates using nonlocal continuum mechanics, Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 719-727, 2011.
[21]         A. Farajpour, M. Mohammadi, A. Shahidi, M. Mahzoon, Axisymmetric buckling of the circular graphene sheets with the nonlocal continuum plate model, Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Vol. 43, No. 10, pp. 1820-1825, 2011.
[22]         A. Farajpour, A. Shahidi, M. Mohammadi, M. Mahzoon, Buckling of orthotropic micro/nanoscale plates under linearly varying in-plane load via nonlocal continuum mechanics, Composite Structures, Vol. 94, No. 5, pp. 1605-1615, 2012.
[23]         N. GHAYOUR, A. Sedaghat, M. Mohammadi, Wave propagation approach to fluid filled submerged visco-elastic finite cylindrical shells, 2011.
[24]         H. Moosavi, M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, S. Shahidi, Vibration analysis of nanorings using nonlocal continuum mechanics and shear deformable ring theory, Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 135-140, 2011.
[25]         M. Danesh, A. Farajpour, M. Mohammadi, Axial vibration analysis of a tapered nanorod based on nonlocal elasticity theory and differential quadrature method, Mechanics Research Communications, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 23-27, 2012.
[26]         M. Mohammadi, M. Goodarzi, M. Ghayour, S. Alivand, Small scale effect on the vibration of orthotropic plates embedded in an elastic medium and under biaxial in-plane pre-load via nonlocal elasticity theory, 2012.
[27]         M. Goodarzi, M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, M. Khooran, Investigation of the effect of pre-stressed on vibration frequency of rectangular nanoplate based on a visco-Pasternak foundation, 2014.
[28]         M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, M. Goodarzi, Numerical study of the effect of shear in-plane load on the vibration analysis of graphene sheet embedded in an elastic medium, Computational Materials Science, Vol. 82, pp. 510-520, 2014.
 [29]        M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, M. Goodarzi, R. Heydarshenas, Levy type solution for nonlocal thermo-mechanical vibration of orthotropic mono-layer graphene sheet embedded in an elastic medium, Journal of Solid Mechanics, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 116-132, 2013.
[30]         M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, M. Goodarzi, F. Dinari, Thermo-mechanical vibration analysis of annular and circular graphene sheet embedded in an elastic medium, Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 659-682, 2014.
[31]         M. Mohammadi, A. Moradi, M. Ghayour, A. Farajpour, Exact solution for thermo-mechanical vibration of orthotropic mono-layer graphene sheet embedded in an elastic medium, Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 437-458, 2014.
[32]         M. Mohammadi, M. Ghayour, A. Farajpour, Free transverse vibration analysis of circular and annular graphene sheets with various boundary conditions using the nonlocal continuum plate model, Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 32-42, 2013.
[33]         M. Mohammadi, M. Goodarzi, M. Ghayour, A. Farajpour, Influence of in-plane pre-load on the vibration frequency of circular graphene sheet via nonlocal continuum theory, Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 51, pp. 121-129, 2013.
[34]         S. Asemi, A. Farajpour, H. Asemi, M. Mohammadi, Influence of initial stress on the vibration of double-piezoelectric-nanoplate systems with various boundary conditions using DQM, Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Vol. 63, pp. 169-179, 2014.
[35]         S. Asemi, A. Farajpour, M. Mohammadi, Nonlinear vibration analysis of piezoelectric nanoelectromechanical resonators based on nonlocal elasticity theory, Composite Structures, Vol. 116, pp. 703-712, 2014.
[36]         S. R. Asemi, M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, A study on the nonlinear stability of orthotropic single-layered graphene sheet based on nonlocal elasticity theory, Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 11, No. 9, pp. 1515-1540, 2014.
[37]         M. Mohammadi, A. Farajpour, A. Moradi, M. Ghayour, Shear buckling of orthotropic rectangular graphene sheet embedded in an elastic medium in thermal environment, Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 56, pp. 629-637, 2014.
[38]         A. Farajpour, A. Rastgoo, M. Mohammadi, Surface effects on the mechanical characteristics of microtubule networks in living cells, Mechanics Research Communications, Vol. 57, pp. 18-26, 2014.
[39]         A. Farajpour, A. Rastgoo, M. Mohammadi, Vibration, buckling and smart control of microtubules using piezoelectric nanoshells under electric voltage in thermal environment, Physica B: Condensed Matter, Vol. 509, pp. 100-114, 2017.
[40]         H. Asemi, S. Asemi, A. Farajpour, M. Mohammadi, Nanoscale mass detection based on vibrating piezoelectric ultrathin films under thermo-electro-mechanical loads, Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Vol. 68, pp. 112-122, 2015.
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Volume 51, Issue 2
December 2020
Pages 417-431
  • Receive Date: 18 August 2020
  • Revise Date: 02 September 2020
  • Accept Date: 03 September 2020