Journal of Computational Applied MechanicsJournal of Computational Applied Mechanics
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https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/
Feed provided by Journal of Computational Applied Mechanics. Click to visit.Elasto-plastic solution for thick-walled spherical vessels with an inner FGM layer
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_63365_9472.html
Purely elastic, partially and fully plastic stress states in a thick-walled spherical pressure vessel with an inner functionally graded material (FG) coating subjected to internal and external pressures are developed analytically in this paper. The modulus of elasticity and the uniaxial yield limit of the FG coating layer are considered to vary nonlinearly through the thickness. Using Tresca’s yield criterion and ideal plastic material behavior, the plastic model is established. Under pressure loading, the scenario in which the plastic deformation starts from inner surface of FG coating layer is taken into account. Having increased the pressure loading, it is assumed that the FG coating layer becomes fully plastic and the yielding commences subsequently at the inner surface of homogenous part. Essentially, the variation of FG parameters in the radial direction is properly adjusted in order to achieve the stated yielding scenario. Furthermore, axisymmetric finite element model is performed to validate the accuracy of the analytical results. It is concluded that the elastic and plastic response of the spherical pressure vessel are influenced by grading parameters and coating behavior.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Hydrodynamic investigation of multiple rising bubbles using lattice Boltzmann method
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_65702_9472.html
Hydrodynamics of multiple rising bubbles as a fundamental two-phase phenomenon is studied numerically by lattice Boltzmann method and using Lee two-phase model. Lee model based on Cahn-Hilliard diffuse interface approach uses potential form of intermolecular forces and isotropic finite difference discretization. This approach is able to avoid parasitic currents and leads to a stable procedure to simulate two-phase flows. Deformation and coalescence of bubbles depend on a balance between surface tension forces, gravity forces, inertia forces and viscous forces. A simulation code is developed and validated by analysis of some basic problems such as bubble relaxation, merging bubbles, merging droplets and single rising bubble. Also, the results of two rising bubbles as the simplest interaction problem of rising bubbles have been calculated and presented. As the main results, square and lozenge initial configuration of nine rising bubbles are studied at Eotvos numbers of 2, 10 and 50. Two-phase flow behavior of multiple rising bubbles at same configurations is discussed and the effect of Eotvos number is also presented. Finally, velocity field of nine rising bubbles is presented and discussed with details.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Static and dynamic axial crushing of prismatic thin-walled metal columns
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_67381_9472.html
In this paper, a novel approach is proposed to investigate the progressive collapse damage of prismatic thin walled metal columns with different regular cross sections, under the action of axial quasi-static and impact loads. The present work mainly focuses on implementation of some important factors which have been neglected in other studies. These factors include the effect of reducing impactor velocity and inertia effect during collapse, a mixed collapse mode for crushing mechanism, and consideration of a realistic elasto-plastic model for material. Taking all these factors into account, the analysis led to some parametric algebraic equations without a possible general solution in terms of collapse variables. Consequently, a new theoretical approach was proposed based on previously offered Super Folding Element (SFE) theory, to obtain the closed form explicit relations for the static and dynamic mean crushing forces and collapse variables. The proposed approach considers an analytic-numeric discretization procedure to solve these equations. To evaluate the results, a detailed finite element analysis on square mild steel models was conducted under an axial impact load, using LS-DYNA and ANSYS software programs. Comparison of the experimental results that are available in the literature with those of finite element analysis, shows the applicability of this approach in predicting the collapse behavior in such structures.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100A preconditioned solver for sharp resolution of multiphase flows at all Mach numbers
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_68327_9472.html
A preconditioned five-equation two-phase model coupled with an interface sharpening technique is introduced for simulation of a wide range of multiphase flows with both high and low Mach regimes. Harten-Lax-van Leer-Contact (HLLC) Riemann solver is implemented for solving the discretized equations while tangent of hyperbola for interface capturing (THINC) interface sharpening method is applied to reduce the excessive diffusion of the method at the interface. In this work, preconditioning technique is used in a system of equations including viscous and capillary effects. Several one- and two-dimensional test cases are used to evaluate the performance and accuracy of this method. Numerical results demonstrate the efficiency of preconditioning in low Mach number flows. Comparisons between results of preconditioned and conventional system highlight the necessity of using preconditioning technique to reproduce main characteristics of low-speed flow regimes. Additionally, preconditioned systems transform to the conventional systems at high Mach number flows thus exhibiting the same level of accuracy as the standard flow solver. Therefore, the preconditioned compressible two-phase method can be used as an all-speed two-phase flow solver accounting for capillary and viscous stresses.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Numerical study of the effect of the tip gap size and using a single circumferential groove on ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70505_9472.html
The effect of the tip gap size on the performance of a multistage axial compressor was studied by means of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). It was found that the performance of the compressor was very sensitive to the size of the tip gap. By increasing the gap size, the stall margin value, the total pressure ratio and the compressor efficiency reduced considerably. The flow field at the tip region of the blades at the near-stall point showed that the size of the blockage grew with an increase in the gap size. Afterward, the effect of various single circumferential grooves- having specified widths and depths at different placement positions- on the performance were investigated in the reference gap. The stall margin increased about 7% with negligible reduction of the peak efficiency using one of the grooves which placed next to the trailing edge of the first-stage rotor. Also, this groove increased the stall margin in other tip gap sizes. Investigation of the flow field of the tip region in the reference gap showed that when the groove was used, there was a reduction in the back-flow near the trailing edge of the first-stage rotor. Consequently, the stall occurred at a lower mass flow rate.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Axially Forced Vibration Analysis of Cracked a Nanorod
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_71222_9472.html
Thisstudy presents axially forced vibration of a cracked nanorod under harmonic external dynamically load. In constitutive equation of problem, the nonlocal elasticity theory is used. The Crack is modelled as an axial spring in the crack section. In the axial spring model, the nonrod separates two sub-nanorods and the flexibility of the axial spring represents the effect of the crack. Boundary condition of the nanorod is selected as fixed-free and a harmonic load is subjected at the free end of the nanorod. Governing equation of the problem is obtained by using equilibrium conditions. In the solution of the governing equation, analytical solution is presented and exact expressions are tained for the forced vibration problem. On the solution method, the separation of variable is implemented and the forced vibration displacements are obtained exactly. In the open literature, the forced vibration analysis of the cracked nanorod has not been investigated broadly. The objective of this study is to fill this blank for cracked nanorods. In numerical results, influences of the crack parameter, position of crack, the nonlocal parameter and dynamic load parameters on forced vibration responses of the cracked nanorod are presented and discussed.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Vibration suppression analysis for laminated composite beams embedded actuating ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70830_9472.html
This paper presents the analysis of vibration control of a laminated composite beam that including magnetostrictive layers. The formulation of problem is presented based on the shear deformation beam theory. For vibration suppression, the velocity feedback control with constant gain distributed is considered. Navier's method is applied to analyze the solution of vibration suppression of laminated beam with the simply-supported boundary conditions. The influence of lamination schemes, modes, number of smart layers at the structure, the control gain of the agnetic field intensity and smart layer position on suppress of the vibration are discussed. In addition, the ntrolled motion of some special laminated composite beam is tested.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Dynamics, Stability Analysis and Control of a Mammal-Like Octopod Robot Driven by Different ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70560_9472.html
In this paper, we studied numerically both kinematic and dynamic models of a biologically inspired mammal-like octopod robot walking with a tetrapod gait. Three different nonlinear oscillators were used to drive the robot’s legs working as central pattern generators. In addition, also a new, relatively simple and efficient model was proposed and investigated. The introduced model of the gait generator allowed us to obtain better both kinematic and dynamic parameters of motion of the robot walking in different directions. By changing the length and the height of a single step of the robot, we introduced in a simple way the initial, rhythmic and terminal phases of the robot gait. For numerical research and to visualization of the walking process, we developed a simulation model of the investigated robot in Mathematica software. We computed displacement, velocity and acceleration of the center of the robot’s body, fluctuations in the zero moment point of the robot and the ground reaction forces acting on the feet of the robot. The obtained results indicated some advantages of the proposed central pattern generator regarding fluctuations in the robot’s body, the minimum value of dynamic stability margin as well as the minimum value of a friction coefficient which is necessary to avoid slipping between the ground and the robot’s feet during walking process. Eventually, the proposed model of gait also allowed us to control the vertical position of the robot during walking in different directions.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Nonlocal thermoelastic semi-infinite medium with variable thermal conductivity due to a laser ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70477_9472.html
In this article, the thermoelastic interactions in an isotropic and homogeneous semi-infinite medium with variable thermal conductivity caused by an ultra-short pulsed laser heating based on the linear nonlocal theory of elasticity has been considered. We consider that the thermal conductivity of the material is dependent on the temperature. The surface of the surrounding plane of the medium is heated by an ultra-short pulse laser. Basic equations are solved along with the corresponding boundary conditions numerically by means of the Laplace transform technique. The influences of the rise time of the laser pulse, as well as the nonlocal parameter on thermoelastic wave propagation in the medium, have also been investigated in detail. Presented numerical results, graphs and discussions in this work lead to some important deductions. The results obtained here will be useful for researchers in nonlocal material science, low-temperature physicists, new materials designers, as well as to those who are working on the development of the theory of nonlocal thermoelasticity.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Micro-cantilevered MEMS Biosensor for Detection of Malaria Protozoan Parasites
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_69964_9472.html
In this paper, the presented work aims to provide a designed model based on Finite element method for detection of Malaria protozoan parasites. Micro-cantilevers are next generation highly efficient biosensors for detection and prevention of any disease. Here, an E-shaped model for micro cantilevered biosensor is designed using COMSOL Multiphysics specifically for detection of Malaria. Microcantilever materials viz Au, Cu, Si and Pt are used for sensing Malaria protozoan with proper optimization of device structure. The studies were carried out for stress developed and displacement occurred due to force applied through these protozoan biomolecules and varying beam length. Further, the designed structure was analyzed for different beam materials available for biosensor and it was found that Au is best suitable material for detection of malaria protozoan parasites since it has best sensitivity profile among presented materials. The results were also verified through analytical approach and it was found that both results obtained through simulation and analytical methods do closely agree with each other.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Design, Evaluation and Prototyping of a New Robotic Mechanism for Ultrasound Imaging
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70504_9472.html
This paper presents a new robotic mechanism for ultrasound imaging. The device is placed on a patient's body by an operator, and an ultrasound expert controls the motions of the device to obtain ultrasound images. The paper focuses on the robotic mechanism that performs ultrasound imaging. The design of the mechanism is based on two approaches to produce center of motion for an ultrasound probe. This center of motion which is located on the tip of the ultrasound probe helps to create clear ultrasound images. Detailed designs, kinematic relationships, prototyping and ultrasound imaging tests are presented. A novel cabling mechanism is developed to create the center of motion required for ultrasound imaging. The mechanism provides all four necessary motions for ultrasound imaging by using two actuators which significantly reduces the weight of the device to make it suitable for portable ultrasound applications. The device has been successfully used for ultrasound imaging of kidney, gallbladder, liver, ovary and uterus of volunteer patients.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Rotating magneto-thermoelastic rod with finite length due to moving heat sources via ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_69970_9472.html
The article is concerned with a new nonlocal model based on Eringen’s nonlocal elasticity and generalized thermoelasticity. A study is made of the magneto-thermoelastic waves in an isotropic conducting thermoelastic finite rod subjected to moving heat sources permeated by a primary uniform magnetic field and rotating with a uniform angular velocity. The Laplace transform technique with respect to time is utilized. The inverse transforms to the physical domain are obtained in a numerical manner for the nonlocal thermal stress, temperature, and displacement distributions. Finally, some graphical presentations have been made to assess the effects of various parameters; nonlocal parameter, rotating, applied magnetic field as well as the speed of the heat source on the field variables. The results obtained in this work should be useful for researchers in nonlocal material science, low-temperature physicists, new materials designers, as well as to those who are working on the development of the theory of nonlocal thermoelasticity.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Numerical Simulation of the Effect of Valve Opening and Particle Concentration on the Erosion ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_65701_9472.html
Ball valve is one of valves that have many applications in industry especially in gas delivery systems. This kind of valve is categorized in the on- off flow control valve. This study aims to investigate unusual application of ball valve to control fluid flow in the oil and gas industry and its destructive effect including erosion of ball and body of valve. Simulation of industrial ball valve is done using ANSYS Fluent software and effect of erosion on it is investigated in different working conditions. In this study, working condition is performed regarding 3 different concentrations for suspended particles as well as four positions of ball in different angles. It is shown that rate of erosion for 25% open state of valve is increased to about 15000 times of complete open state of valve, and rate of erosion is increased to about 3500 times for half open state (50% open state); and rate of erosion is increased to about 220 times for 75% open state of valve.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Investigation of energy consumption reduction in multistage compression process and its solutions
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_64489_0.html
During hot seasons the inlet temperature of Nitrogen increases, as a result compressor consumes more power for compressing a specific mass ratio of fluid and consequently total energy consumption of the compressor increases as well. In this research, a three stage centrifugal compressor with intercooler was modeled thermodynamically in order to decreases the energy consumption of the compressor. In each compressor, isentropic efficiency, outlet temperature of the Nitrogen gas and power compression was investigated. The effect of inlet Nitrogen temperature and cooling water temperature on intercoolers’ efficiency were investigated. In this study, Nitrogen gas is considered as an ideal gas. It is found that, in each compressor any growth in inlet temperature of the Nitrogen gas will result in linear increase in the outlet temperature of the Nitrogen gas and power compression furthermore, it is observed that increasing the temperature of Nitrogen gas has the most negative effect on efficiency and power compression of the first compressor in comparison to the second and the third compressor consequently, it will result in a 10 percent decrease in special power compression specially during summer time. According to the results, it is figured out that any growth in inlet Nitrogen temperature causes a smooth decline in isentropic and Power Compression of the first, second and third compressors besides increasing the temperature of the Nitrogen gas increases the isentropic efficiency up to 3 Percent and increasing the cooling water temperature decreases the intercooler efficiency up to 7 Percent.Mon, 08 Jan 2018 20:30:00 +0100Solving Single Phase Fluid Flow Instability Equations Using Chebyshev Tau- QZ Polynomial
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_65771_9472.html
In this article the instability of single phase flow in a circular pipe from laminar to turbulence regime has been investigated. To this end, after finding boundary conditions and equation related to instability of flow in cylindrical coordination system, which is called eigenvalue Orr Sommerfeld equation, the solution method for these equation has been investigated. In this article Chebyshev polynomial Tau-QZ algorithm has been selected for the solution technique to solve the Orr Sommerfeld equation because in this method some of complex terms in the instability equation in cylindrical coordination will be appeared. After finding Orr Sommerfeld parameters related to Chebyshev polynomial Tau-QZ algorithm the solution have been done for Re=5000 and Re=1000, then the results had been compared with the results of valid references where other methods had been used in them. It have been observed that the use of Chebyshev Tau-QZ algorithm has higher accuracy concerning the results and it also has a higher accurate technique to solve the Orr Sommerfeld instability equations in cylindrical coordination system.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Modelling of the Dynamics of an immersed body in a microchannel with stenosis using the ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_64549_0.html
In the present study, the combination of lattice Boltzmann and immersed boundary methods is used to simulate the motion and deformation of a flexible body. Deformation of the body is studied in microchannel with stenosis and the effect of the flexibility changes on its deformation is investigated. The obtained results in the present manuscript show that by increasing the elasticity modulus, the deformation of the body and its speed decrease. In this case, the flow pressure around the body increase. When the body is initially located outside the microchannel center, tank-treading motion occurs due to the difference in velocity of the shear layers. In addition, with a decrease in the size of microchannel stenosis, the body is less deformed and goes faster and reaches to the end of the microchannel in less time. The faster or slower movement of the biological membranes than the normal state causes the proper exchange of materials between the membrane wall and the surrounding flow and that disturbs its most important duty i.e. the exchange of materials with tissues. The analysis in this study shows that the results of the simulation are in good agreement with the available results and demonstrates the efficiency of the combination of lattice Boltzmann and immersed boundary methods to simulate the dynamic behavior of biological membranes, red blood cells and deformable particles inside the flow.Wed, 10 Jan 2018 20:30:00 +0100Influence of taxol and CNTs on the stability analysis of protein microtubules
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70479_9472.html
Microtubules are used as targets for anticancer drugs due to their crucial role in the process of mitosis. Recent studies show that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be classified as microtubule-stabilizing agents as they interact with protein microtubules (MTs), leading to interference in the mitosis process. CNTs hold a substantial promising application in cancer therapy in conjunction with other cancer treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In the current study, a size-dependent model is developed for the stability analysis of CNT-stabilized microtubules under radial and axial loads. A nonlocal shell theory with strain gradient effects is employed to take size influences into account. Moreover, Van der Waals interactions between CNTs and MTs are simulated. An excellent agreement is observed between the present model and reported data from experiments on protein MTs. In addition, the effects of taxol, as another stabilizing agent, on the stability of microtubules are studied. It is found that both nonlocal and strain gradient effects are essential to accurately obtain the stability capacity of MTs. Furthermore, CNTs have an increasing effect on the critical loads of microtubules while the critical loads reduce in the presence of taxol.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Vibration of FG viscoelastic nanobeams due to a periodic heat flux via fractional derivative model
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70476_9472.html
In this work, the vibrations of viscoelastic functionally graded Euler–Bernoulli nanostructure beams are investigated using the fractional-order calculus. It is assumed that the functionally graded nanobeam (FGN) is due to a periodic heat flux. FGN can be considered as nonhomogenous composite structures; with continuous structural changes along the thick- ness of the nanobeam usually, it changes from ceramic at the bottom of the metal at the top. Based on the nonlocal model of Eringen, the complete analytical solution to the problem is established using the Laplace transform method. The effects of different parameters are illustrated graphically and discussed. The effects of fractional order, damping coefficient, and periodic frequency of the vibrational behavior of nanobeam was investigated and discussed. It also provides a conceptual idea of the FGN and its distinct advantages compared to other engineering materials. The results obtained in this work can be applied to identify of many nano-structures such as nano-electro mechanical systems (NEMS), nano-actuators, etc.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Dynamics analysis of microparticles in inertial microfluidics for biomedical applications
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_71278_9472.html
Inertial microfluidics-based devices have recently attracted much interest and attention due to their simple structure, high throughput, fast processing and low cost. They have been utilised in a wide range of applications in microtechnology, especially for sorting and separating microparticles. This novel class of microfluidics-based devices works based on intrinsic forces, which cause microparticles to migrate laterally and locate at their equilibrium positions. In this article, a comprehensive theoretical formulation is presented for the dynamics of ultrasmall particles in microfluidics-based devices. Explicit expressions are presented for various important forces, which act on a microparticle, such as drag, Magnus, Saffman and wall-induced forces. In addition, the drag coefficient, diffusion phenomenon and Peclet number are formulated. Finally, the influences of particle size, as a crucial parameter, on various intrinsic forces including drag, Magnus and Saffman forces as well as the wall-induced force, are investigated. It is found that the drag, wall-induced and Saffman forces have an important role to play in the dynamics of microparticles in inertial microfluidics while the effects of Magnus force and diffusion can be ignored in most applications.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100A Theoretical Study of Steady MHD mixed convection heat transfer flow for a horizontal circular ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70806_9472.html
In this study, an investigation is carried out for laminar steady mixed 2D magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow of micropolar Casson fluid with thermal radiation over a horizontal circular cylinder with constant surface temperature. In the present study, an investigation is carried out on the effects of physical parameters on Casson fluid non dimensional numbers. The governing nonlinear partial differential equations and the controlling boundary conditions are derived for this case study. Furthermore, these equations are solved numerically using finite difference technique known as Keller Box Method (KBM). The effects of non-dimensional governing parameters, namely Casson parameter, mixed convection parameter, magnetic parameter, radiation parameter on the Nusselt number and local friction coefficient, as well as temperature, velocity and angular velocity are discussed and shown graphically. It is noticed that the local skin friction and the local Nasselt number has decrement behaviors when increasing the values the Casson parameter. But the opposite happens when the mixed convection parameter λ increase. It is found that the results in this study are in good agreement with previous studies. This proves that calculations using KBM method and the chosen step size are accurate enough for this type of problems.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100GENERAL SOLUTION OF ELASTICITY PROBLEMS IN TWO DIMENSIONAL POLAR COORDINATES USING MELLIN TRANSFORM
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_71279_9472.html
Abstract In this work, the Mellin transform method was used to obtain solutions for the stress field components in two dimensional (2D) elasticity problems in terms of plane polar coordinates. the Mellin transformation was applied to the biharmonic stress compatibility equation expressed in terms of the Airy stress potential function, and the boundary value problem transformed to an algebraic problem which was solved to obtain the Mellin transformed Airy stress potential function. The Mellin transform was similarly used to obtain the Mellin transformed stress field components. The use of Mellin transform inversion formula yielded the solutions to the 2D elasticity problem in the physical space domain variables. Specific illustration was considered of the solution by using the Mellin transform method for the Flamant problem and the Mellin transform solutions found to agree with solutions from the literature.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Comparison between the frequencies of FML and composite cylindrical shells using beam modal ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_64657_0.html
A comparison between the vibration of fiber-metal laminate (FML) and composite cylindrical shells has been studied in this manuscript. Love’s first approximation shell theory has been applied to obtain Strain-displacement relations. In addition, beam modal function model has been used to analyze the cylindrical shell with different boundary conditions. In this manuscript, the frequencies of FML and composite cylindrical shells have been compared to each other for different materials, lay-ups, boundary conditions, axial and circumferential wave numbers. The most commercially available FMLs are CARALL (carbon reinforced aluminium laminate), and GLARE (glass reinforced aluminium laminate), which are studied in this research. The results showed although the frequencies of carbon/epoxy are greater than glass/epoxy for all of the n, this process is not constant for FML. Also, with increasing the n, the frequencies of FML cylindrical shells are converged more faster than the composite one. Moreover, the frequencies of both boundary conditions are converged with increasing n for both FML and composite cylindrical shells.Wed, 17 Jan 2018 20:30:00 +0100Dynamical stability of cantilevered pipe conveying fluid in the presence of linear dynamic ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_69971_9472.html
When the velocity of fluid flow in a cantilevered pipe is successively increased, the system may become unstable and flutter instability would occur at a critical flow velocity. This paper is concerned with exploring the dynamical stability of a cantilevered fluid-conveying pipe with an additional linear dynamic vibration absorber (DVA) attachment. It is endeavoured to show that the stability of the pipe may be considerably enhanced due to the presence of DVA. The quasi-analytical results show that the energy transferred from the flowing fluid to the pipe may be partially transferred to the additional mass. In most cases, thus, the critical flow velocity at which the pipe becomes unstable would become larger, meanwhile the flutter instability of the DVA is not easy to achieve. In such a fluid-structure interaction system, it is also found that flutter instability may first occur in the mode of the DVA. The effects of damping coefficient, weight, location and spring stiffness of the DVA on the critical flow velocities and nonlinear oscillations of the system have also been analyzed.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Numerical simulation of the effect of particle size on the erosion damage in ball valves of ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_64776_0.html
Ball valve is one of valves that have many applications in industry especially in gas delivery systems. This kind of valve is categorized in the on - off flow control valve. This study aims to investigate unusual application of ball valve to control fluid flow in industry and its destructive effect including erosion of ball and body of valve. Simulation of industrial ball valve is done using ANSYS Fluent software and effect of erosion on it is investigated in different working conditions. In this article, working condition is performed regarding 2 different concentrations for suspended particles as well as four positions of ball in different angles. We assess the effect of increased particle diameter on the rate of erosion for three diameters (3.86e-6 m , 267.45e-6 m and 531.03e-6 m) in four conditions of valve (25%, 50%, 75% and 100%) and two different concentrations of particle (3% and 6%). It is shown that rate of erosion is increased with increased particle diameters in 25%, 50% and 75% open state of valve. On the contrary, the results show that opposite rule governs complete open state. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that increase in particle diameter decreases the area of erosion in four conditions of valve.Fri, 26 Jan 2018 20:30:00 +0100Size-dependent on vibration and flexural sensitivity of atomic force microscope
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_65215_9472.html
In this paper, the free vibration behaviors and flexural sensitivity of atomic force microscope cantilevers with small-scale effects are investigated. To study the small-scale effects on natural frequencies and flexural sensitivity, the consistent couple stress theory is applied. In this theory, the couple stress is assumed skew-symmetric. Unlike the classical beam theory, the new model contains a material-length-scale parameter and can capture the size effect. For this purpose, the Euler–Bernoulli beam theory is used to develop the AFM cantilever. The tip interacts with the sample that is modeled by a spring with constant of. The equation of motion is obtained through a variational formulation based on Hamilton’s principle. In addition, the analytical expressions for the natural frequency and sensitivity are also derived. At the end, some numerical results are selected to study the effects of material-length-scale parameter and dimensionless thickness on the natural frequency and flexural sensitivity.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Attractor Based Analysis of Centrally Cracked Plate Subjected to Chaotic Excitation
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_66038_0.html
The presence of part-through cracks with limited length is one of the prevalent defects in the plate structures. Due to the slight effect of this type of damages on the frequency response of the plates, conventional vibration-based damage assessment could be a challenging task. In this study for the first time, a recently developed state-space method which is based on the chaotic excitation is implemented and nonlinear prediction error (NPE) is proposed as a geometrical feature to analyze the chaotic attractor of a centrally cracked plate. For this purpose using line spring method (LSM) a nonlinear multi-degree of freedom model of part through cracked rectangular plate is developed. Tuning of Lorenz type chaotic signal is conducted by crossing of the Lyapunov exponents’ spectrums of nonlinear model of the plate and chaotic signal and in the next step by varying the tuning parameter to find a span in which a tangible sensitivity in the NPE could be observable. Damage characteristics such as length, depth and angle of crack are altered and variation of proposed feature is scrutinized. Results show that by implementation of the tuned chaotic signal, tangible sensitivity and also near to monotonic behavior of NPE versus damage intensity are achievable. Finally, the superiority of the proposed method is examined through the comparison with the frequency-based method.Thu, 22 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +0100A wave-based computational method for free vibration and buckling analysis of rectangular Reddy ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_66040_0.html
In this paper, the wave propagation method is combined with nonlocal elasticity theory to analyze the buckling and free vibration of rectangular Reddy nanoplate. Wave propagation is one of the powerful methods for analyzing the vibration and buckling of structures. It is assumed that the plate has two opposite edges simply supported while the other two edges may be simply supported or clamped. It is the first time that the wave propagation method is used for thick nanoplates. In this study, firstly the matrices of propagation and reflection are derived. Then, these matrices are combined to provide an exact method for obtaining the natural frequencies and critical buckling loads which can be useful for future studies. It is observed that obtained results of the wave propagation method are in good agreement with the obtained values by literature. At the end the obtained results are presented to evaluate the influence of different parameters such as nonlocal parameter, aspect ratio and thickness to length ratio of nanoplate.Tue, 22 May 2018 19:30:00 +0100Minimization of Entransy Dissipations of a Finned Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_66041_0.html
Improving heat transfer and performance in a radial, finned, shell and tube heat exchanger is studied in this study. According to the second law of thermodynamics, the most irreversibilities of convective heat transfer processes are due to fluid friction and heat transfer via finite temperature difference. Entransy dissipations are due to the irreversibilities of convective heat transfer. Therefore, the number of entrancy dissipation is considered as the optimization objective. Thirteen optimization variables are considered, such as the number of tubes, tube diameter, tube length, fin height, fin thickness, the number of fins per inch length of tube and baffle spacing ratio. The “Delaware modified” technique is used to determine heat transfer coefficients and the shell-side pressure drop. In this technique, the baffle cut is 20 percent. The results show that using genetic algorithm the optimization can be improve the heat transfer by 13 percent and performance of heat exchanger increased by 18 percent. In order to show the accuracy of the algorithm the results compared to the particle swarm optimization.Tue, 22 May 2018 19:30:00 +0100Stability analysis of stratified two-phase liquid-gas flow in a horizontal pipe
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70883_0.html
This study aimed at linear stability analysis of the stratified two-phase liquid-gas flow in a horizontal pipe. First, equations governing the linear stability of flow in each phase and boundary conditions were obtained. The governing equations were eigenvalue Orr Sommerfeld equations which are difficult and stiff problems to solve. After obtaining the velocity profiles of the gas and liquid phases in the pipe, the instability equations for each phase with related boundary conditions were coupled and simultaneously solved by using the Chebyshev Tau - QZ polynomial method. The instability spectra for some points has been plotted and some curves about instability conditions the same as neutral stability curve which shown stable and unstable region respect to Reynolds number had been drown. According to the neutral stability curve for each phase, the liquid phase is more exposed to instability than the gas phase. The liquid phase was unstable in low Reynolds numbers and a large amplitude of the wave velocity α but gas was unstable in higher Reynolds number and small amplitude of α.Sun, 05 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF FIBRE-GLASS/TALC FILLED EPOXY COMPOSITE AS ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_70942_0.html
This study investigates experimentally and numerically the performance of fibre-glass/talc filled epoxy as an insulator in domestic heating application. The epoxy composites with micro filler (talc) and fibre glass used in this investigation were cured at temperatures of 50°C, 75°C, 100°C, 125°C and 150°C at a constant holding time of 120 minutes. A total of 40 composite specimen were tested and investigated in this paper. Thermal properties of the different composites at their specific cured temperatures are determined using a kd2 pro thermal analyser. The thermo-physical properties measured are the thermal conductivity, volumetric heat capacity and density of the composites. A computational fluid dynamics tool (ANSYS 15.0) was used to model a domestic cooking pot and run various simulations using the thermo-physical properties of the composites to study how the Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites perform when compared Bakelite as the heat insulator handles of the modelled pot. Results obtained showed that 10 of this composites at different cured temperature performed better than Bakelite, with the 2E composite cured at 125°C (125°C- 2E), being the best performing composite out of the 40 specimen investigated, having insulated about 30°C of heat compared to Bakelite with 24.4°C. It was observed that all the composites insulated heat above 20°C which is a considerable value for this form of domestic heating application, and thus fibreglass talc filled epoxy can be recommended for domestic heating insulation over existing material with advantageous qualities such as light weight, naturally occurring, cost effectiveness and availability.Wed, 08 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100A comprehensive review on modeling of nanocomposite materials and structures
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_71701_9472.html
This work presents a historical review of the researches procured by various scientists and engineers dealing with the nanocomposite materials and continuous systems manufactured from such materials. Nanocomposites are advanced type of well-known composite materials which have been reinforced with nanosize reinforcing fibers and/or particles. Such materials can be better suit for the industrial applications of which remarkable improved material properties are needed. In other words, the material properties of nanocomposites are superior to those of macroscale composites due to the enhanced features of materials in the nanoscale. These materials are being more and more employed by designers in the aerospace, mechanics and automotive applications as constituent elements instead of the conventional composite materials. Henceforward, it is of great significance to be aware of the researches conducted in this are by researchers to be able to predict the behaviors of structures consisted of such materials in real working conditions. In what follows, the mechanical analyses performed on different types of nanocomposite structures including carbon nanotube reinforced (CNTR), graphene reinforced (GR), graphene platelet reinforced (GPLR), graphene oxide reinforced (GOR) and multi-scale hybrid (MSH) nanocomposite ones will be reviewed and the most crucial highlights of the proposed scientific activities will be discussed.Fri, 31 May 2019 19:30:00 +0100Hysteresis Modeling, Identification and Fuzzy PID Control of SMA Wire Actuators Using ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_72419_0.html
In this paper, hysteretic behavior modeling, system identification and control of a mechanism that is actuated by shape memory alloy (SMA) wires are presented. The mechanism consists of two airfoil plates and the rotation angle between these plates can be changed by SMA wire actuators. This mechanism is used to identify the unknown parameters of a hysteresis model. Prandtl–Ishlinskii method is employed to model the hysteresis behavior of SMA actuators, and then, a self-tuning fuzzy-PID controller is designed based on the obtained model and implemented experimentally on the mechanism. The process of designing the controller has been implemented based on the model which results in compensating time and price. Self-tuning fuzzy-PID controller is applied to the closed control loop in order to control the position of the morphing wing. The performance of the controller has been investigated under different input signals including square and sinusoidal waves, and the results show the proper effectiveness of the method.Tue, 20 Aug 2019 19:30:00 +0100Multi-objective optimization of geometrical parameters for constrained groove pressing of ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_72629_0.html
One of sheet severe plastic deformation (SPD) operation, namely constrained groove pressing (CGP), is investigated here in order to specify the optimum values for geometrical variables of this process on pure aluminium sheets. With this regard, two different objective functions, i.e. the uniformity in the effective strain distribution and the necessary force per unit weight of the specimen, are selected to be minimized. To examine the effects of the sheet thickness, die groove angle and the die-tooth number on these objective functions, several finite-element (FE) analyses of the operation are carried out. Using the values of objective functions attained via these numerical simulations, an artificial neural network (ANN) is trained with good regression fitness. Employing a two-objective genetic algorithm (GA), a series of optimum conditions is obtained as a Pareto front diagram. The best optimum point in this diagram is the closest one to the origin which, at the same time, makes both the objective functions smallest. With this regard, a sheet thickness of 2 mm, a groove angle of and an 8-tooth die are found to be an appropriate optimal condition for performing a CGP process. The finite-element simulation with these enhanced geometrical variables is conducted and the values of the objective functions gained from the numerical analysis is found to be in good agreement with those obtained from the genetic algorithm optimization.Sat, 07 Sep 2019 19:30:00 +0100Optimization of thermal curing cycle for a large epoxy model
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_73015_0.html
Heat generation in an exothermic reaction during the curing process and low thermal conductivity of the epoxy resin produces high peak temperature and temperature gradients which result in internal and residual stresses, especially in large epoxy samples. In this paper, an optimization algorithm was developed and applied to predict the thermal cure cycle to minimize the temperature peak and thermal gradients within the material of an industrial epoxy model during the curing process. An inverse analysis was used to obtain the new coefficients of Kamal’s equations for the model. To validate and verify the developed model, temperature profiles for several points of the material in the model were obtained by numerical simulation and compared with the previously experimentally measured data. With validated curing simulation, the mentioned inverse analysis and optimization algorithm were utilized to find the thermal curing cycle with several isothermal holds and temperature ramps. The new objective reference was proposed for the first time and used to optimize the cure cycle, which subsequently produced the same temperature profiles for all points. The results showed that the obtained optimized thermal curing cycle was most effective to decrease the peak temperature as well as temperature gradients of the material.Sun, 06 Oct 2019 20:30:00 +0100Effect of Stress-Fiber Inclusion on the Local Stiffness of Cell Cytoskeleton Probed by AFM ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_73110_0.html
In this paper, we analyze the effect of stress-fiber inclusion on the stiffness of an actin random network. To do this, use a discrete random network model to analyze the elastic response of this system in terms of apparent Young’s modulus. First, we showed that for a flat-ended cylindrical AFM indenter the total indentation force has a linear relation with the indentation depth and the indenter radius in a fibrous network. Using this relation, we concluded that the stiffening effect of the stress-fiber on the fibrous network has a range of effectivity and surprisingly, the stiffening is not maximum when the stress-fiber is immediately under the indenter but, when has a certain distance with it. In addition, when the stress-fiber axis has a specific distance from the loading region, it has negligible effect on the local stiffness of the network. These results shed light on some aspects of the widely used AFM stiffness measurements of cells.Tue, 15 Oct 2019 20:30:00 +0100Experimental measurement of heat transfer coefficient and mass of deposited CaSO4 in subcooled ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_73332_0.html
Fouling is a common, fundamental and costly problem in heat transfer systems, which reduces thermal efficiency of equipment, increases the energy loss and causes strong damage to the heat transfer equipment in various industries. The main causes of fouling on the heat transfer surfaces are salts with inverse temperature-solubility in the fluid which calcium sulfate is one of the most important of them. In this paper, the effect of calcium sulfate fouling on the heat transfer coefficient in subcooled flow boiling was investigated. The fouling mass of calcium sulfate on the heat transfer surface was also calculated. In the experiments carried out in this study, flow rate (2.5–11.5 l/min), solution concentration (1.75–2.2 g/l), bulk fluid temperature (55–75 ℃), and heat flux (8-95 kW/m2) were variables at the mentioned ranges. The results showed that the maximum deviation in the uncertainty analysis was related to the difference between the inlet and outlet temperature of the fluid, followed by the temperature difference between the wall temperature and the bulk fluid temperature. Also, the analysis of the experimental data revealed that increasing the salt concentration, the bulk temperature, and the heat flux of the solution, the mass of deposited calcium sulfate on the heat transfer surface increases with time, resulting in a decrease in the heat transfer coefficient. Careful analysis of the experimental data also showed that the solution concentration has more important role than the heat flux and the fluid bulk temperature in fouling formation.Fri, 25 Oct 2019 20:30:00 +0100Parametric Study of the Impact of Windows to Wall Ratio on Reduction of Energy Consumption and ...
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_73333_0.html
Nowadays, the increase of fossil fuel consumption intensifies the crucial role of architects. As buildings consume over one-third of the used energy, the society of architects is held responsible for this consumption. Therefore, the amount of energy used by a building is directly related to its design; meaning that reduction of energy consumption should be targeted at the design stage. In this research, the proper building form with the lowest energy consumption for heating, cooling, and lighting was obtained after studying different shapes in Design Builder Software, and it was concluded that the building form has a significant impact on energy consumption. After the parametric studies, the best building orientation of 60 degrees north-east and a window-wall ratio (WWR) of 40% was obtained. Moreover, the building considered for this study had annual CO2 emissions of 30 tons, which was reduced to around 15 tons of CO2 emissions in a year at the optimum degree and WWR, i.e. a reduction of CO2 emissions to half of its previous amount.Fri, 25 Oct 2019 20:30:00 +0100Usage of the Variational Iteration Technique for Solving Fredholm Integro-Differential Equations
https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_73857_0.html
Integral and integro-differential equations are one of the most useful mathematical tools in both pure and applied mathematics. In this article, we present a variational iteration method for solving Fredholm integro-differential equations. This study provides an analytical approximation to determine the behavior of the solution. To show the efficiency of the present method for our problems in comparison with the exact solution we report the absolute error. From the computational viewpoint, the variational iteration method is more efficient, convenient and easy to use. The method is very powerful and efficient in nding analytical as well as numerical solutions for wide classes of linear and nonlinear Fredholm integro-differential equations. Moreover, It proves the existence and uniqueness results and convergence of the solution of Fredholm integro-differential equations. Finally, some examples are included to demonstrate the validity and applicability of the proposed technique. The convergence theorem and the numerical results establish the precision and efficiency of the proposed technique.Mon, 25 Nov 2019 20:30:00 +0100