Optimal Design of Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Based on Particle Swarm Optimization Technique

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Mechatronics Engineering, College of Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


The paper studies optimization of shell-and-tube heat exchangers using the particle swarm optimization technique. A total cost function is formulated based on initial and annual operating costs of the heat exchangers. Six variables – shell inside diameter, tube diameter, baffle spacing, baffle cut, number of tube passes and tube layouts (triangular or square) – are considered as the design parameters. The particle swarm optimization selects the parameters so that the system has minimum total cost. Although generalization is not possible for any case, for minimization of cost functions of the three different cases studied in this research, larger tube outer diameter, triangular layout, baffle cut equalling 0.25 of shell diameter and one pass for each tube result in optimum designs. The other two parameters show no fixed trend.


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Volume 46, Issue 1 - Serial Number 1
Winter & Spring
January 2015
Pages 21-29
  • Receive Date: 17 October 2014
  • Revise Date: 17 November 2014
  • Accept Date: 29 December 2014