Functionally graded saturated porous structures: A review

Document Type : Review Paper

Authors

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Eyvanekey, Eyvanekey, Semnan, Iran,

2 Mechanical Engineering Department, Islamic Azad University- North Tehran Branch

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Abstract

Functionally graded porous materials are porous structures with porosity gradient distributed over volume. The porous structures having valuable properties, such as lightweight and excellent energy absorption, have been considerably used in different engineering implementations such as aerospace, biomedical, and other industries. Two limit cases are usually considered for the porous structures: 1- The fluid pressure of pores is zero and 2- The pores fill by incompressible fluid and is in saturated condition. Many investigations have been reported on the behavior of functionally graded porous structures. But, most of them are concerned on the drained conditions. However, the investigations into saturated porous structures are limited in number. The present paper (a) specially reviews the mechanical properties of functionally graded saturated porous structures; (b) presents a comprehensive review on the mechanical analyses of these structures in saturated condition; (c) discusses the challenges and possible future works.

Keywords

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Volume 53, Issue 2
June 2022
Pages 297-308
  • Receive Date: 08 May 2022
  • Revise Date: 13 June 2022
  • Accept Date: 17 June 2022
  • First Publish Date: 17 June 2022