Fluid-structure interaction studies on marine propeller

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering (Autonomous) Andrapradesh, Visakhapatnam-530048

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering (Autonomous) Andrapradesh, Visakhapatnam-530048 sramakrishna@gvpce.ac.in


Composite propellers offer high damping characteristics and corrosion resistance when compared with metal propellers. But the design of a hybrid composite propeller with the same strength of metal propeller is the critical task. For this purpose, the present paper focusses on fluid-structure interaction analysis of hybrid composite propeller with Carbon/Epoxy, R-Glass/Epoxy and S2-Glass/Epoxy to find its strength at the same operating conditions of the baseline aluminium propeller. The surface and solid models of the hybrid composite propeller are modelled using modelling software (CATIA) and these models are imported into mesh generation software (Hypermesh) to generate the surface mesh and solid mesh respectively. This surface model of the hybrid composite propeller is imported into computational fluid dynamics software (Fluent) to estimate the pressure loads on propeller blades. These pressure loads from Fluent are imported into FEA software (Abaqus) and applied on the propeller to find the deformation and strength of hybrid composite propeller due to fluid-structure interaction loads. Optimization study is carried out on hybrid composite propeller with different layup sequences of Carbon/R-Glass/S2-Glass to find the optimum strength. From the optimization study, it is found that the hybrid composite propeller with layup-3 of 55/55/90/0/0/90/450/90/ 0/90/45/90/45/90/0/90/0 degrees generates the least stress compared with other layups for the same pressure load obtained from fluid flow simulations. Damage initiation analysis is also carried out on hybrid composite propeller with optimized layup-3 based on Hashin damage criteria and found that the design is safe.


[1]           Morteza Ha., Mirzabozorga M.A.S., Bazazzadeh M., 2019, Numerical study of the effect of the tip gap size and using a single circumferential groove on the performance of a multistage compressor, Journal of Computational Applied Mechanics 50(1): 54-62.
[2]           Fazel D., Kadivar M. H.,  Zohoor H.,  Hematiyan M., Farid M.R., 2019, Failure procedure in adhesive composite joints under different types of loading,Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics 5(4): 647-651.
[3]           Donald Smith R., Slater John E., 1988, The geometry of marine propellers, Technical Memorandum 88/214: AD-A203 683, National Defence Research and Development Branch, Canada.
[4]           Subhas S., Saji V.F., Ramakrishna S., Das H.N., 2012, CFD analysis of a propeller flow and cavitation, International Journal of Computer Applications 55(16): 26-33.
[5]           Barry C., 2005, Propeller selection for boats and small ships,E-Marine Training - Prop Matching, 1-32.
[6]           Marsh G., 2004, A new start for Marine Propellers,Reinforced Plastics 48(11): 34-38.
[7]           Rahimi N., Hussain A.K., Meon M.S., Mahmud J., 2012,  Capability assessment of finite element software in predicting the last ply failure of composite laminates, Procedia Engineering 41: 26-33. 
[8]           Rama Krishna S., Rama Krishna A., Ramji K., 2011, Reduction of motor fan noise using CFD and CAA simulations,Applied Acoustics72(12): 982-992. 
[9]           Zhang Y.X., Yang C.H., 2009, Recent development in finite element analysis for laminated composite plates, Composite Structures 88(1): 147-157.
[10]       Mahmud J., Ismail A.F., Pervez T., 2005, Employing a failure criterion with interaction terms to simulate the progressive failure of carbon epoxy laminates,The Institution of Engineers Malaysia 66(2): 6-14.  
[11]       Sathish kumar T.P., Satheesh kumar S., Naveen J., 2014, Glass fiber-reinforced polymer composites - A review,Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites 33(13): 1258-1275.
[12]       Mohsen G., Hassan G., Jalal M., 2017, Hydrodynamic effect on the sound pressure level around the marine propeller, Indian Journal of Geo Marine Sciences 46: 1477-1485. 
[13]       Shishesaz M., Kharazi M., Hosseini P., Hosseini M., 2017, Buckling behavior of bomposite plates with a pre-central circular delamination defect under in-plane uniaxial compression, Journal of Computational Applied Mechanics 48(1): 111-122.
[14]       https://altairuniversity.com/wp-content/upload/2014/02/ meshing.pdf, 2014, Accessed 16 September 2019.
[15]       Jingwei J., Cai H.M., Cheng Q., Zhengfang C., Peng K.W., 2018, A ship propeller design methodology of multi-objective optimization considering fluid–structure interaction, Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics 12(1): 28-40.
[16]       Maljaars P., Bronswijk L.M.E., Windt J., Grasso N., Kaminski M., 2018, Experimental validation of fluid–structure interaction computations of flexible composite propellers in open water conditions using BEM-FEM and RANS-FEM methods, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering  6(2): 51.
[17]       Prabhu J. J., Nagarajan V., Sunny M. R., Sha O.P., 2017, On the fluid structure interaction of a marine cycloidal propeller, Applied Ocean Research 64: 105-127.
[18]       Sun H., Xiong Y., 2012, Fluid-structure interaction analysis of flexible marine propellers, Applied Mechanics and Materials 226: 479-482.
[19]       Zelibe C.G., Adewumi O., Onitiri A., 2019, Numerical investigation of the performance of fibre-glass/talc filled epoxy composite as insulator in heating applications, Journal of Computational Applied Mechanics, doi: 10.22059/jcamech.2019.278329.371.
[20]       Das H. N., Kapuria S., 2019, Adaptive pitch control of full-scale ship composite propeller using shape memory alloy to enhance propulsive efficiency in off-design conditions, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 30(10): 1493-1507.
[21]       Kim J., Ahn B., Ruy W.,  2019, Numerical analysis of orthotropic composite propellers, Journal of Ocean Engineering Technology 33(5): 377-386.
Volume 50, Issue 2
December 2019
Pages 381-386
  • Receive Date: 25 November 2019
  • Revise Date: 05 December 2019
  • Accept Date: 05 December 2019