Hydrodynamic investigation of multiple rising bubbles using lattice Boltzmann method

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Hydrodynamics of multiple rising bubbles as a fundamental two-phase phenomenon is studied numerically by lattice Boltzmann method and using Lee two-phase model. Lee model based on Cahn-Hilliard diffuse interface approach uses potential form of intermolecular forces and isotropic finite difference discretization. This approach is able to avoid parasitic currents and leads to a stable procedure to simulate two-phase flows. Deformation and coalescence of bubbles depend on a balance between surface tension forces, gravity forces, inertia forces and viscous forces. A simulation code is developed and validated by analysis of some basic problems such as bubble relaxation, merging bubbles, merging droplets and single rising bubble. Also, the results of two rising bubbles as the simplest interaction problem of rising bubbles have been calculated and presented. As the main results, square and lozenge initial configuration of nine rising bubbles are studied at Eotvos numbers of 2, 10 and 50. Two-phase flow behavior of multiple rising bubbles at same configurations is discussed and the effect of Eotvos number is also presented. Finally, velocity field of nine rising bubbles is presented and discussed with details.


Main Subjects

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Volume 50, Issue 1
June 2019
Pages 14-26
  • Receive Date: 31 December 2017
  • Revise Date: 03 April 2018
  • Accept Date: 06 April 2018