K. Haugen, O. Kvernvold, A. Ronold, R. Sandberg, Sand erosion of wear-resistant materials: Erosion in choke valves, Wear, Vol. 186, pp. 179-188, 1995.
 B. McLaury, J. Wang, S. Shirazi, J. Shadley, E. Rybicki, Solid particle erosion in long radius elbows and straight pipes, in Proceeding of, Society of Petroleum Engineers, pp.
 A. Forder, M. Thew, D. Harrison, A numerical investigation of solid particle erosion experienced within oilfield control valves, Wear, Vol. 216, No. 2, pp. 184-193, 1998.
 G. Parslow, D. Stephenson, J. Strutt, S. Tetlow, Investigation of solid particle erosion in components of complex geometry, Wear, Vol. 233, pp. 737-745, 1999.
 A. Kavner, T. S. Duffy, G. Shen, Phase stability and density of FeS at high pressures and temperatures: implications for the interior structure of Mars, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 185, No. 1, pp. 25-33, 2001.
 J. Jin, J. Fan, X. Zhang, K. Cen, Numerical simulation of the tube erosion resulted from particle impacts, Wear, Vol. 250, No. 1, pp. 114-119, 2001.
 J. Fan, K. Luo, X. Zhang, K. Cen, Large eddy simulation of the anti-erosion characteristics of the ribbed-bend in gas-solid flows, Journal of engineering for gas turbines and power, Vol. 126, No. 3, pp. 672-679, 2004.
 T. Deng, M. Patel, I. Hutchings, M. Bradley, Effect of bend orientation on life and puncture point location due to solid particle erosion of a high concentration flow in pneumatic conveyors, Wear, Vol. 258, No. 1, pp. 426-433, 2005.
 Y. I. Oka, K. Okamura, T. Yoshida, Practical estimation of erosion damage caused by solid particle impact: Part 1: Effects of impact parameters on a predictive equation, Wear, Vol. 259, No. 1, pp. 95-101, 2005.
 X. Chen, B. S. McLaury, S. A. Shirazi, Numerical and experimental investigation of the relative erosion severity between plugged tees and elbows in dilute gas/solid two-phase flow, Wear, Vol. 261, No. 7, pp. 715-729, 2006.
 M. Habib, H. Badr, S. Said, R. Ben‐Mansour, S. Al‐Anizi, Solid‐particle erosion in the tube end of the tube sheet of a shell‐and‐tube heat exchanger, International journal for numerical methods in fluids, Vol. 50, No. 8, pp. 885-909, 2006.
 R. Malka, S. Nešić, D. A. Gulino, Erosion–corrosion and synergistic effects in disturbed liquid-particle flow, Wear, Vol. 262, No. 7, pp. 791-799, 2007.
 M. Suzuki, K. Inaba, M. Yamamoto, Numerical simulation of sand erosion in a square-section 90-degree bend, Journal of Fluid Science and Technology, Vol. 3, No. 7, pp. 868-880, 2008.
 P. Tang, J. Yang, J. Zheng, G. Ou, S. He, J. Ye, I. Wong, Y. Ma, Erosion-corrosion failure of REAC pipes under multiphase flow, Frontiers of Energy and Power Engineering in China, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 389-395, 2009.
 Y. M. Ferng, B. H. Lin, Predicting the wall thinning engendered by erosion–corrosion using CFD methodology, Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 240, No. 10, pp. 2836-2841, 2010.
 R. Li, A. Yamaguchi, H. Ninokata, Computational fluid dynamics study of liquid droplet impingement erosion in the inner wall of a bent pipe, Journal of Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 327-336, 2010.
 B. Yan, H. Gu, L. Yu, CFD analysis of the loss coefficient for a 90° bend in rolling motion, Progress in Nuclear Energy, Vol. 56, pp. 1-6, 2012.
 H. Zhang, Y. Tan, D. Yang, F. X. Trias, S. Jiang, Y. Sheng, A. Oliva, Numerical investigation of the location of maximum erosive wear damage in elbow: Effect of slurry velocity, bend orientation and angle of elbow, Powder Technology, Vol. 217, pp. 467-476, 2012.
 M. Shahbazi, S. Noori zadeh, Identification of Black Powder in Natural Gas Transmission Network, in The third scientific conference on process engineering (oil, gas refining and petrochemicals), Tehran, 2014. “(in Persian)”
 D. SHAFEE, K. KHORSHIDI, K. M. MORAVEJI, Numerical Analysis of Erosion/Corrosion due to Gas Flow in Pipelines and Gas Stations, 2014. “(in Persian)”
 H. Zhu, Q. Pan, W. Zhang, G. Feng, X. Li, CFD simulations of flow erosion and flow-induced deformation of needle valve: Effects of operation, structure and fluid parameters, Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 273, pp. 396-411, 2014.
 M. Droubi, R. Tebowei, S. Islam, M. Hossain, E. Mitchell, Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis of Sand Erosion in 90o Sharp Bend Geometry, 2016.