3-node Basic Displacement Functions in Analysis of Non-Prismatic Beams

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 School of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran P.O. Box 11365-4563, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran

3 MS Graduate, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran

Abstract

Purpose– Analysis of non-prismatic beams has been focused of attention due to wide use in complex structures such as aircraft, turbine blades and space vehicles. Apart from aesthetic aspect, optimization of strength and weight is achieved in use of this type of structures. The purpose of this paper is to present new shape functions, namely 3-node Basic Displacement Functions (BDFs) for derivation of structural matrices for general non-prismatic Euler-Bernoulli beam elements. Design/methodology/approach– Static analysis and free transverse vibration of non-prismatic beams are extracted studied from a mechanical point of view. Following structural/mechanical principles, new static shape functions are in terms of BDFs, which are obtained using unit-dummy-load method. All types of cross-sections and cross-sectional dimensions of the beam element could be considered in this method. Findings– According to the outcome of static analysis, it is verified that exact results are obtained by applying one or a few elements. Furthermore, it is observed that results from both static and free transverse vibration analysis are in good agreement with the previous published once in the literature. Research limitations/implications– The method can be extended to structural analysis of curved and Timoshenko beams as well as plates and shells. Furthermore, exact dynamic shape functions can be derived using BDFs by solving the governing equation for transverse vibration of beams. Originality/value– The present investigation introduces new shape functions, namely 3-node Basic Displacement Functions (BDFs) extended from 2-node functions, and then compares its performance with previous element.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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