University of TehranJournal of Computational Applied Mechanics2423-671349220181201ON MAXWELL'S STRESS FUNCTIONS FOR SOLVING THREE DIMENSIONAL ELASTICITY PROBLEMS IN THE THEORY OF ELASTICITY3423506865410.22059/jcamech.2018.266787.330ENCharles IkeDepartment of Civil Engineering, Enugu State University of Science & Technology, Enugu State, Nigeria0000-0001-6952-0993Journal Article20181007The governing equations of three dimensional elasticity problems include the six Beltrami-Michell stress compatibility equations, the three differential equations of equilibrium, and the six material constitutive relations; and these are usually solved subject to the boundary conditions. The system of fifteen differential equations is usually difficult to solve, and simplified methods are usually used to achieve a solution. Stress-based formulation and displacement-based formulation methods are two common simplified methods for solving elasticity problems.This work adopted a stress-based formulation for a three dimensional elasticity problem. In this work, the Maxwell's stress functions for solving three dimensional problems of elasticity theory were derived from fundamental principles. It was shown that the three Maxwell stress functions identically satisfy all the three differential equations of static equilibrium when body forces were ignored. It was further shown that the three Maxwell stress functions are solutions to the six Beltrami-Michell stress compatibility equations if the Maxwell stress functions are potential functions. It was also shown that the Airy's stress functions for two dimensional elasticity problems are special cases of the Maxwell stress functions.https://jcamech.ut.ac.ir/article_68654_a7d2b37ca577349ae19817f017646b11.pdf